牛羊养殖研究报告

第一篇:牛羊育种研究报告

右玉县牛羊生产调研报告

几年来,我县牛羊养殖数量增长缓慢,部分乡镇出现下降趋势。 对此问题,我局按照金繁发[2011]2号文件精神,对全县牛羊生产情况进行了通报。 专项研究。

1、2000年以来我县牛羊产量变化情况。

从古至今,牛羊养殖一直是右玉县的传统养殖业。 它在农业生产中占有极其重要的地位,是农民经济收入的主要来源。 由于我县地广人稀,气候凉爽舒适,草食资源丰富,羊养殖条件得天独厚,我县注册的溪口羊肉远销国内外。 产品供不应求,销售市场前景广阔。 在自然条件的影响和销售市场的拉动下,我县牛羊养殖数量自2000年以来持续稳定增长。截至2006年底,全县羊养殖数量达到59万多只,牛存栏量达到4.5万头。 饲养数量比2000年分别增长51%和18%。截至2010年底,全县肉羊、牛饲养数量达到69万多头,比2000年分别增长16%和13% 2006年,全县牛羊养殖数量增速较2006年之前有所下降。

2、养殖数量增长缓慢(下降)的原因。

由于我县地广人稀,草食资源丰富,散养一直是我县传统养殖业的最大特色。 自2007年上级出台封山禁牧措施以来,我县牛羊养殖增速明显放缓,个别乡镇牛羊出县饲养数量减少。一直处于下降趋势。 具体原因如下:

1、养殖观念和养殖环境发生了变化。

在过去的传统养殖中,“风吹草动,牛羊不见了”的景象,就是我县养殖业的真实写照。 农民采用“一鞭”、“满星”等散养方式,让牛羊在野外聚集。 粮食方面,人力、物力投入较少。 2007年封山禁牧后,国家提倡由传统的散养方式向规模化养殖方式转变。 许多养殖户不敢或不愿意尝试,导致养殖数量增速放缓。

2、养殖户认为养殖成本增加。

过去,传统饲养中,牛羊除冬季补充少量精料外,其余季节均在野外放牧。 现代规模化养殖需要大量的人力、物力。 虽然规模化养殖的生产周期比散养短,但部分养殖户无法改变传统养殖观念,导致养殖业发展缓慢。

3、规模化养殖场建设投入不足。

近年来,为落实封山牧业政策,巩固退耕还林成果,上级部门鼓励农民大力发展规模养殖业,先后投资建设了一些大型养殖场。规模养殖社区,在一定程度上促进了规模养殖业的发展。 而我县是山西省唯一的半农半牧县和肉羊养殖生态示范县。 牛羊养殖数量较多,规模化养殖小区建设远远不能满足养殖业发展的需要,极大地制约了养殖业的发展。 快速发展。

3、封山禁牧出台后,当地政府及上级部门出台扶持政策。 封山禁牧出台后,上级部门投入巨资建设了一批奶牛养殖小区、肉牛养殖小区、肉羊养殖小区,有力地促进了我县的发展。 发展养殖业。县委、县政府对如何大力发展养殖业作出了指导。

我们高度重视和支持,先后投资建设了3家羊肉加工龙头企业,形成了羊肉生产、加工、销售为一体的工业化生产格局,成为富民强县的重要主导产业,奠定了基础为促进和拉动我县养殖业的发展。 达到积极的效果。

4.下一步措施和政策建议。

1. 后续步骤

未来一段时期,我局将继续大力致力于规模养殖产业发展,积极争取畜牧业项目资金和专项贷款,大力建设规模养殖小区,让农民认识到大养殖的优势——规模养殖,转变传统养殖观念,“在十二五规划的基础上,艰苦奋斗,开拓创新,跨越式发展,进一步发挥区域优势、资源优势、市场优势、产业优势”充分响应和用好国家和省大力发展畜牧业生产的各项优惠政策,我县养殖业在政策推动下又好又快发展,企业拉动、资本拉动、市场拉动、群众主动,充分发挥我县区域养殖优势,积极努力把我县建成全国畜牧业强县。

二、政策建议:一是支持规模化养殖场建设。目前,我县养殖业正在由传统方式向规模化、集约化方式转变。 但规模化养殖小区建设不能满足养殖业发展的需要,严重制约了规模化养殖业的形成和发展。 由于我县是国家级贫困县,仅靠地方财政投入远远不能满足大规模的需求。

殖民社区建设的需要。 因此,建议国家和各省进一步加大规模养殖小区建设力度,鼓励和支持规模养殖发展,从规模效益中获取效益。

二是加强基层动物防疫人员和改进人员队伍建设。 基层动物防疫人员和改良人员是现代规模养殖业发展的重要保障和坚实后盾。 没有基层动物防疫人员和改良人员的建设,就没有现代规模化养殖的形成和发展。 目前,我县基层动物防疫人员和改良人员工资福利较低,工作条件比较落后。 因此,建议上级部门对基层动物防疫人员和改良人员给予经济补贴,改善工作环境,提高工作积极性,为我县规模化养殖创造机会。 保障行业健康发展。

右玉县畜牧局

2011 年 3 月 12 日

第二部分:张掖市牛羊产业研究报告

张掖市牛羊产业研究报告

(2011 年 9 月 19 日)

近日,按照省扶贫办《关于开展“十二五”期间产业扶贫研究的通知》要求,我办会同各县区扶贫办对该市牛羊产业。 现将调查结果报告如下:

一、特点及效果

“十一五”期间,我市以发展现代畜牧业为主线,以增加农牧民收入为核心,着力培养新型农牧民,实施“河西百万头”以“肉牛基地工程”和建设全省牛羊产业大县为契机,突出良种繁育、基地建设、疫情防控三个重点,遵循发展思路和“五步走以养殖为重点、以社区挂架为重点、以大户育肥为重点、以企业加工为重点、以政府防疫为重点”。 通过统一规划、统一标准、统一配套、统一管理、统一防疫(分户管理)的养殖模式,通过政策扶持和大力推广标准化生产管理方式,牛羊产业呈现出良好的发展势头。快速健康发展。 2010年,牛羊产业产值达28亿元,占农业总产值的32%。 牛羊产业人均纯收入达到1210元。 牛羊产业已成为我市农村特别是沿山贫困村最具活力、最具带动发展的产业。 农业增收脱贫作用凸显。

(一)基地规模不断壮大。 “十一五”期间,我们创造良好发展环境,提供优质服务,坚持从规模养殖场、养殖小区、养殖基地三个层面稳步推进“亿头”牛羊养殖计划。大型养殖户。 牛羊产业基地不断壮大。 建成牛羊养殖小区161个、标准化养殖示范乡10个、示范村101个、示范户1017户。 截至目前,全市牛、羊存栏量分别达到71.99万头、281.1万头,奶牛基本存栏29.31万头。 规模化养殖数量占牛羊总数的46%以上。 同时,不断加大标准化养殖推广力度。 按照“高标准起步、示范引领”的原则,以养殖界为重点,抓好产前环境、生产技术、产品质量、全程管理四个环节,促进推广。 甘肃省12项无公害畜产品生产地方标准、34项技术规程已在养殖小区得到落实。

(二)品种改良成效明显。 “十一五”期间,我市引进了西门塔尔牛、皮埃蒙特牛、夏洛莱牛、西德牛、利木赞牛、南德文牛、荷斯坦奶牛等7个肉用奶牛品种,培育了西门塔尔牛和西门塔尔牛两个优势肉牛品种。在西德:牛。 大力推广冷冻牛养殖、肉牛生产性能检测等配套技术提升,提高饲养奶牛20万头,肉牛养殖率达到95%,肉牛品质显着提升; 肉羊、细毛羊推广了塔塞特、澳大利亚美利奴等优良品种,良种母羊50万只,良种率达90%。 特别是在新世纪的扶贫开发中,我市在850万元产业扶贫工程资金带动下,在贫困村和移民区建设温室大棚、畜棚6298个,引进良种牛1136头,引进优良种牛2.1万头。肉羊繁育,有效促进了沿山贫困农村畜牧基地建设和牛羊品种改良的开展。

(三)服务体系日益完善。 依托“全市30万农村劳动力技能培训工程”,加强养殖技术培训,为牛羊产业发展提供了强有力的技术保障。 坚持“五好”技术装配配套设备,对县乡技术人员实行“三包”技术服务,提高牛羊产业技术服务水平。 各市县坚持从源头抓起,加强对兽药、饲料、饲料添加剂经营和使用的监管,依法查处饲料中添加禁用药物和非法添加剂。 抽查合格率为100%。 无公害畜产品原产地产品认证步伐加快。 截至目前,全市已有32个单位、5个产品获得无公害农产品原产地认证和产品认证。 以规模养殖场(社区)为监管重点,建立养殖档案和免疫档案。 畜牧部门与规模养殖场(社区)签订动物防疫和卫生监督责任书,进一步明确工作责任。 防疫检疫设施齐全,全市建有疫情监测点16个,养殖小区疫病监测室16个,村级动物疫病防治室84个。 创新防疫方式,签订管理目标责任书,明确行政业务部门、乡镇政府、防疫人员的职责和任务,全面落实“三步走”防疫办法,确保防疫密度和防疫密度。免疫率达到100%。

(四)营销逐步完善。 多年来,我市坚持依靠市场促发展的思路,大力扶持和培育农民专业合作经济组织,加快牛羊运销协会发展,积极开拓市场——引导新形势下牛羊产业发展的经营模式,完善农贸市场组织。 程度。 目前,全市有活畜交易市场22个,牛羊养殖专业合作社36个,专业协会8个,运销大户1300多家。 按照“扶优、扶强、扶大”的原则,积极培育龙头企业。 五年来,全市建成畜产品加工龙头企业18家,为牛羊产品生产、加工、流通提供了有力支撑。

(五)饲草供应充足。 我市有草原面积8320万亩。 此外,近年来我市玉米种子生产面积稳步扩大。 全市玉米秸秆产量已达300万吨以上,可饲养肉牛100万头以上、肉羊400万只以上。 为发展牛羊产业提供了充足的饲料保障。 为充分发挥我市玉米秸秆丰富资源优势,各市县始终把青贮氨化作为发展牛羊产业的重点任务,对新建永久性青贮坑给予一定补贴,并调度技术人员提供指导。 政策、资金、技术等方面加大了青贮工作力度。 全市共建成青贮窖15287个,窖容147万立方米。 年青贮玉米秸秆32万吨以上,氨化秸秆15万吨以上,加工草粉。 20万吨,秸秆加工利用率达到50%。

(六)政策支持持续强劲。 “十一五”期间,我市全力组织实施牛羊产业县工程、肃南县、山丹县退牧还草工程、乡镇兽医站基础设施建设、标准化生猪、奶牛养殖小区(场)建设、绿洲现代农业试验示范建设等项目,仅2010年就完成在建项目18个,投资5695万元。 草原生态保护补贴奖励、农户小规模养殖贷款贴息、养殖小区以奖代补、畜牧业“零”全面落实。 “费用豁免”等配套政策; 积极开展银银企合作,加快金融支持政策落实。 该市与中国建设银行张掖分行签署为期五年的《‘金张掖’特色农牧业战略合作协议》,计划向农户提供贷款10亿元,已发放贷款对养牛大户和龙头企业给予3.5亿元,其中对养殖规模较大、经营相对规范的前进村奶业专业合作社给予6400万元。 在全面落实国家、省、市扶持政策的基础上,各县区整合资金近3亿元,重点支持牛羊产业发展,对每户新增基础设施建设补贴30万元。建成肉牛养殖小区; 农户进入新肉牛养殖小区,新购肉牛给予一年贷款贴息; 肉牛养殖小区、养殖场每新建青贮氨窖30立方米以上,每立方米给予5元补贴。 通过政策支持,极大地调动了农民发展牛羊养殖的积极性,有效促进了全市牛羊产业的快速发展。

二、存在问题虽然全市牛羊产业取得了长足发展,产业主导地位不断强化,科技含量日益提高,经济效益显着提高,但仍存在一些影响牛羊产业发展的制约因素。牛羊产业快速发展。 主要表现在:一是生产方式粗放。 目前,我市牛羊生产“小、散、低”的局面尚未根本扭转。 以千户分散饲养为主,中小型育肥场集中育肥为辅。 饲养方式广泛,育肥周期长。 经济效益低,规模化、集约化、工厂化养殖水平不高,饲料转化利用率低,肚皮增值作用没有充分体现。 二是发展资金不足。 牛羊产业是高投入、高产出的产业,流动资金是其发展的重要支撑。 目前,我市大部分牛羊养殖户和养殖企业流动资金十分短缺,严重制约了牛羊产业的快速发展。 三是加工企业发展滞后。 牛羊加工龙头企业少,带动作用不明显,加工转化增值能力弱,缺乏市场竞争力。 由于资金缺乏、加工能力弱,现有畜产品加工企业收购价格低于新疆等地,导致产品外流,不利于地方品牌的形成。 四是技术力量薄弱。 专业技术人员队伍跟不上产业发展要求,技术支撑体系不够完善,标准化养殖水平有待进一步提高,生产加工追溯体系有待完善。 五是社区管理滞后。 虽然各养殖社区都制定了统一管理、防疫、消毒、生产等制度,但由于采用入户管理模式,社区协会的组织作用不足。 养殖户在管理、生产、经营等方面缺乏共识,养殖小区的规范化、科学化管理水平有待提高。

三、发​​展战略及建议

从目前我市牛羊产业发展现状来看,牛羊养殖经济效益不断提高,农民养殖牛羊的积极性日益增强。 “十二五”期间,我市将进一步加强引导,加大政策和资金支持力度,把牛羊产业作为振兴地方经济和农业增收的富民工程,促进农业提质增收。牛羊产业增效,带动山区28个乡镇301个村的23万贫困人口增收致富。

(一)完善支持政策。 牛羊产业是一个投资大、周期长、产业链复杂的产业。 只有制定科学的规划,坚持长期不懈的支持,才能取得持久的效益。 “十二五”期间,要紧紧围绕国家发展政策导向和投资重点,积极选择一批符合实际的好项目,充分发挥项目资金的作用,增强牛羊产业发展后劲。 注重后续发展,加强与金融部门的协调沟通,增加肉牛产业贷款额度,扩大贷款规模,简化贷款手续,增加贷款金额和年限,切实解决建设资金有余而无钱的问题。营运资金。 同时,各市县修订完善优惠政策,为生产、加工、流通等环节提供必要的支持,引导和鼓励民间资本投资肉牛产业,为肉牛发展注入活力。产业,提高市场竞争力。

(二)坚持标准化生产。 面对日益激烈的市场竞争,只有形成一定的规模,生产出具有鲜明特色和标准的产品,才能保证牛羊产业的快速发展。 全面实施“金张掖肉牛基地工程”,根据市场需求和当地资源优势,按照区域布局和标准化生产的要求,引导牛羊生产向相对集中连片方向发展加快发展养殖专业村(镇),专业村建设步伐,形成了特色鲜明、市场竞争力较强的牛羊生产基地。 同时,加强标准化生产技术培训,提高农户和养殖企业关注质量安全和标准化生产的积极性。 积极开展以“推广畜禽良种、完善养殖设施、规范生产、制度化防疫、粪便无害化”为主要内容的标准化牛羊养殖场创建,全面推进标准化生产流程。 全市牛羊标准化生产力达到70%以上。 切实加快牛羊养殖改良步伐,重点推广速生、高产、优质牛羊品种,大力推广人工冷冻养殖技术,改良和提高优质牛羊养殖体系建设,牛羊良种率达到95%。 多于。 广泛宣传依靠牛羊产业致富的先进典型,充分发挥典型示范作用,引导散养户适当扩大规模,实现牛羊产业规模化、规模化。具有规模优势。 树立品牌意识,重点抓好“金张掖牛肉牛羊”品牌建设,依靠专业合作组织,提高市场占有率和竞争力。

(三)创新发展方式。 一是充分利用报纸、电视、广播等新闻媒体,广泛宣传秸秆青贮氨化畜牧业的经济效益、社会效益和生态效益,让公众真正认识到秸秆畜牧业不仅可以变废为宝变成宝的同时,也减少了饲养动物的成本。 是提高养殖效益的重要措施,可有效改善农村人居环境,解决草料随意堆积问题,消除火灾隐患。 二是按照“立草为业”的思路,积极鼓励当地规模化养殖户、有资金实力的农户以及引进外来企业,充分利用当地丰富的秸秆资源,收购秸秆开发加工各种草制品,培育饲草加工转化利用产业,努力提高秸秆商品化率。 三是现有和新建奶牛、肉牛养殖小区、养殖场、养殖大户原则上建设秸秆青贮饲料。 每年新建5万立方米永久性青贮氨化坑1500个,新建青贮饲料氨化设施。 秸秆15万吨。

(四)完善服务体系。 加强技术推广队伍建设,完善技术服务体系,为产业发展提供技术支撑。 要以加快牛羊产业发展为重点,进一步建立健全畜牧兽医技术服务体系,加大专业技术人员培训和管理力度,不断提高畜牧兽医整体素质团队。 引进先进适用的新品种、新技术,加快科技成果转化,大力实施畜牧科技进户工程,以“五好”配套技术集成组装为切入点,重点推动养殖小区规模化生产、标准化饲养管理、优质青贮饲料等先进实用技术,开展有针对性的技术培训,提高养殖户科学养殖水平。 结合新农村建设,大力推进清洁养殖,建设规模化养殖户、养殖小区配套沼气工程,积极发展“畜牧·沼气·果(菜)”循环经济模式,有效解决肉牛养殖的环境污染问题。 重点推广秸秆“三储三转化”技术,大力推广秸秆青贮氨化等养牛新技术,确保秸秆利用率达到80%以上。 要坚持生产发展和疫病防治并重,加强动物疫病防治,重点抓好肉牛重大传染病强制免疫,降低养殖病风险,确保肉牛产业健康发展。

(五)坚持发挥引领作用。 In accordance with the idea of ​​”grasping the market, promoting processing, promoting industry, and promoting breeding” and the principle of “supporting the excellent, supporting the strong, and supporting the big”, through investment promotion, 6 cattle and sheep product processing enterprises were introduced and cultivated, and a market competition mechanism was introduced. Form an industrialized business model of “leading enterprises + bases + farmers”, fully implement order production, organically combine raw material production and supply with product processing and sales, form an industrial chain, and enhance farmers’ ability to resist market risks. Improve the live livestock trading markets in township markets and promote the circulation and sales of cattle and sheep products. Actively support and develop rural professional cooperative economic organizations such as rural animal husbandry technical associations and circulation associations, as well as farmer broker teams, establish a production and marketing management system, and promote the rapid and healthy development of the city’s cattle and sheep industry.

The cattle and sheep industry has become a pillar industry for increasing income and alleviating poverty in the poor towns along the mountains of our city. However, restricted by economic and technical conditions, the overall driving ability is still not strong. It is recommended that the provincial office consider the cattle and sheep industry as an industry during the “Twelfth Five-Year Plan” period. The focus of poverty alleviation is to continuously increase support, especially to provide policy support to the 301 poor villages in 28 towns and villages along the mountains of our city in the construction of cattle and sheep bases, the introduction of improved varieties, livestock product processing and breeding technology training, so as to promote the development of cattle and sheep The industry has improved quality and efficiency, helping 230,000 poor people to increase their income and get out of poverty, accelerating the city’s poverty alleviation and development process.

(Contributed by: Deyang and Liu Ye, Zhangye Municipal Agricultural School)

Part Three: Application Form for Cattle and Sheep Breeding

Application form for cattle and sheep breeding

My name is xx, male, born on December 13, 1970. I am a villager in Jiangqian Group Village, Jiangqingtan Village, Shiwan Town, Hengshan County.

Our village is located ten kilometers northwest of Shiwan Town Government, on both sides of the Dali River, with National Highway 307 passing by. In recent years, with the rapid development of the national economy and the acceleration of the country’s development of the western region, people’s living standards have gradually improved. In order to make People’s lives are moving towards a moderately prosperous life, which will drive the whole people to become rich. Only in this way can we keep up with the situation, implement the spirit of the 17th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, and focus on the country’s strategic decision on the development of the western region, work hard, start a business and get rich. The government has formulated an animal husbandry policy for livestock breeding, which has become the direction of the development of the animal husbandry industry. To this end, based on the actual situation of our village, a foundation has been laid for the development of animal husbandry. I responded to the party’s call and it was my dream to develop the breeding industry. In order to realize this dream, I started building the sheep factory in February 2010 and completed it at the end of July 2010. The factory covers an area of ​​about 7,000 square meters and has 12 sheep sheds, covering an area of ​​about 4,000 square meters. There is a straw storage room, a coarse and fine feed room, an artificial insemination station, a green removal warehouse, an agricultural tricycle, a weed machine, a crusher, and two lawn mowers. About 35 acres of grass and 24 acres of corn have been planted. Currently, 354 sheep are put into production and 298 ewes can be bred. A total of RMB is invested in building a sheep factory, RMB is invested in buying sheep, and RMB is invested in other facilities. A total of RMB is invested in the sheep factory. During this period, because I live in poverty and have financial difficulties, the investment amount of my subordinates still depends on borrowing. The affordability is indeed limited, so I hope that your bureau will provide financial support to solve the project.

Hereby apply to the applicant xx September 11, 2011 Warm reminder: This document is for reference only, please refer to the actual situation for details; the publisher of this document does not assume any legal responsibility.

Chapter 4: Experience in raising cattle, sheep and donkeys

Experience in raising cattle, sheep and donkeys

Ask Baidu for an analysis of the benefits of improved beef cattle breeding: “Huimin Animal Husbandry” If improved cattle are raised, the cow will have one litter per year and will grow to more than 700 kilograms ten months after giving birth. According to the market price, regardless of whether the bull or the cow is It can be sold for more than 2,500 yuan. After deducting the 1,000 yuan for drinks for the cow and calf, a profit of 1,500 yuan can be obtained. If you buy calves or cattle for fattening, the weight of a cow will increase by 700 to 1,000 kilograms per year. 肉牛市场价格在4元左右。 After deducting labor and beverage costs, the net profit will be more than 1,500 yuan. Experts from China’s Ministry of Agriculture predict that with the increase in beef exports and the needs of people’s lives, the demand for beef will exceed the supply within ten years.

Development Trend of Boer Goat Boer goat is the most famous large meat goat breed in the world today. It is native to South Africa and is now distributed in Australia, New Zealand, Germany and other parts of the world, with a population of more than 5 million. It has the characteristics of strong fecundity, fast growth, large body, large meat production, good meat quality, excellent skin, stable genetics, wide adaptability and remarkable effect of cross-breeding and improving local goats. It can be bred and conceived at the age of 6 months. It can give birth to 3 babies in 2 years, or 2 babies in 1 year, with a litter of 1 to 3, sometimes as high as 4 to 5. The average lambing rate per litter is about 200%, and up to 300 per year. About %; the weight of ewes can reach 60-80 kg, and that of rams can reach 90-130 kg, and the body weight can be increased by 20%-30%. Among the world’s sheep industry breeds, the Boer goat is large in size, produces a lot of meat, and has good efficiency. It is known as the “Father of the World’s Meat Goat”. Countries have introduced it as the terminal hybrid male line breed for meat goat production. 使用。 There are more than 170 million goats in our country, of which, in addition to goats for milk, cashmere, leather and wool, meat goats and ordinary goats with low production levels account for more than 100 million. These sheep need to improve their meat production performance or develop towards meat use. To achieve this goal, cross-breeding and improvement must be carried out, and for cross-breeding and improvement, there must be improved father-line breeds. Although our country is a large sheep-raising country in terms of quantity, it is a weak sheep-raising country in terms of quality with a shortage of good breeds. Therefore, our company has been continuously introducing Boer goats from abroad since 1995. Although the number of goats currently in stock has reached several thousand, it is still far from meeting the requirements for cross-breeding improvement of hundreds of millions of goats, and the pace of industrial development of Boer goats needs to be further accelerated.Practice has proved that the development prospects of Boer goats are neither three to five years nor ten years, whether from the perspective of ecological, economic and social functions, or from the needs of adjusting industrial structure, improving people’s lives, and achieving eugenics for all. But it has broad and long-term development prospects in eight years. In this way, the introduction and rapid expansion of Boer goats

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And hybrid utilization will trigger a revolution and leap in my country’s meat goat industry.

Benefit Analysis of Small Tail Han Sheep Small Tail Han Sheep is a well-known fine sheep breed in China. It is known as “Super Sheep” and “National Treasure”. It is a sheep breed that is focused on development and promotion in our country. It is a good project to get rich through breeding. Small-tailed Han sheep have many advantages. They mature early, and young females start breeding at 6 months old. They grow and develop quickly, with an average monthly weight gain of 7.5kg-10kg. Female lambs weigh 30-35kg at 4 months old, and male lambs weigh 35-35kg at 4 months old. 50 kilograms; high lambing rate, 2 litters per year, 3-5 lambs per litter; large size, adult rams are 1 meter tall, weigh more than 100 kilograms, and weigh as much as 180 kilograms; high slaughter rate, 52%, net The meat rate is 40%; it has a docile temperament, is resistant to rough feeding, and has strong adaptability. It can be raised in various places and is very popular among farmers and herdsmen. Feel free to ask Baidu: “Huimin Animal Husbandry” The economic benefits are as follows: If a multiparous ewe produces 6 lambs per year, the annual net income is 1,500 yuan. 1. According to the survey, the current market price of live sheep is 7.6- 8.4 yuan/kg, we calculate it based on 7.6 yuan/kg. Generally, lambs are weaned and fattened 35-45 days after birth, and 80-90 days after fattening, with an average weight of 50 kg. 7.6 yuan × 50 kg = 380 yuan

2. If the daily cost of a fat lamb is less than 0.6 yuan, please feel free to ask Baidu: “Huimin Animal Husbandry”

The average daily hay is 1-1.25 kilograms, with an average of 0.2 yuan per kilogram. 0.2 yuan × 1.25 kilograms = 0.25 yuan. ② Concentrate: The proportion is 49% corn flour, 18% wheat bran, 15% bean cake, 13% miscellaneous grains, 2% salt, and fish meal. 1%, 1% bone meal, 1% vitamins and trace elements, 1.2-1.4 yuan per kilogram, and 0.25 kilograms of concentrate per day, then 0.35 yuan. ③A lamb requires daily feed input (hay + concentrate):

+②=0.25 yuan+0.35 yuan=0.6 yuan

3. The profit from selling a lamb is 308 yuan

The cost of a fattened lamb from birth to slaughter is: 0.6 yuan × 120 days = 72 yuan ② The profit of a lamb is: 380 yuan – 72 yuan = 308 yuan. Feel free to ask Baidu: “Huimin Animal Husbandry”

4. The annual profit of a ewe lambing is 1548 yuan.

An average ewe consumes 1.5-1.75 kilograms of hay and 0.25 kilograms of concentrate per day, which is about 0.6-0.7 yuan ② The annual cost of a ewe is 0.7 yuan × 365 days = 255.5 yuan ③ One ewe per year (including epidemic prevention fees) The total cost does not exceed 300 yuan ④ The profit is 308 yuan × 6 pieces – 300 yuan = 1848 yuan – 300 yuan = 1548 yuan

Feel free to ask Baidu: “Huimin Animal Husbandry”

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Part 5: Chunhui Cooperative’s cattle and sheep breeding implementation plan

2014 Chunhui Cattle and Sheep Breeding Farmers Professional Cooperative Cattle and Sheep

Farm construction project implementation plan

Project application unit: Zhongning County Animal Husbandry Bureau

Project manager:

Project Responsible Person:

Project Preparer:

Contact person and phone number:

Compilation time: July 1, 2014

1. Project Summary

Project name: Chunhui Cattle and Sheep Breeding Farmers Professional Cooperative Cattle and Sheep Breeding Farm Construction Project

Project application unit: Zhongning County Animal Husbandry Bureau

Project manager:

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